In General News

Children develop at their own rate. Your child might not have all skills until the end of the age range.

0-3 Months

·     Startles at loud sounds

·     Quiets or smiles when you talk

·     Seems to recognized your voice. Quiets if crying

·     Makes cooing sounds

·     Cries change for different needs

·     Smiles at people

4-6 Months

·     Moves eyes in the direction of sounds

·     Responds to changes in your tone of voice

·     Notices toys that make sounds

·     Pays attention to music

·     Coos and babbles when playing alone or with you

·     Makes speech-like babbling sounds, like pa, ba, and mi

·     Giggles and laughs

·     Makes sounds when happy or upset

7 Months – 1 year

·     Turns and looks in the direction of sounds

·     Looks when you point

·     Turns when you call her/his name

·     Understands words for common items and people – words like cup, truck, juice, and daddy.

·     Starts to respond to simple words and phrases, like “No,” “Come here,” and “Want more?”

·     Plays games with you, like peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake

·     Listens to songs and stories for a short time

·     Babbles long strings of sounds, like mimi upup babababa

·     Uses sounds and gestures to get and keep attention

·     Points to objects and shows them to others

·     Uses gestures like waving bye, reaching for “up,” and shaking his/her head no

·     Imitates different speech sounds

·     Says 1 or 2 words, like hi, dog, dada, mama, or uh-oh. This will happen around his/her first birthday, but sounds may not be clear


1-2 Years

·     Points to a few body parts when you ask

·     Follows 1 part directions, like “Roll the ball” or “Kiss the baby”

·     Responds to simple questions, like “Who’s that?” or “Where’s your shoe?”

·     Listens to simple stories, songs, and rhymes

·     Points to pictures in a book when you name them

·     Uses a lot of new words

·     Uses p, b, m, h, and w in words

·     Starts to name pictures in books

·     Asks questions, like “What’s that?”, “Who’s that?”, and “Where’s kitty?”

·     Puts 2 words together, like “more apple,” “no bed,” and “mommy book”

2-3 Years

·     Understands opposites, like go-stop, big-little, and up-down

·     Follows 2 part directions, like “Get the spoon and put it on the table”

·     Understands new words quickly

·     Has a word for almost everything

·     Talks about things that are not in the room

·     Uses k, g ,f, t, d, and n in words

·     Uses words like in, on, and under

·     Uses two- or three- words to talk and ask for things

·     People who know your child can understand him/her

·     Asks “Why?”

·     Puts 3 words together to talk about things. May repeat some words and sounds

3-4 Years

·     Responds when you call from another room

·     Understands words for some colors, like red, blue, and green

·     Understands words for some shapes, like circle and square

·     Understands words for family, like brother, grandmother, and aunt

·     Answers simple who, what, and where questions

·     Says rhyming sounds, like hat-cat

·     Uses pronouns, like I, you, me, we, and they

·     Uses some plural words, like toys, birds, and buses

·     Most people understand what your child says

·     Asks when and how questions

·     Puts 4 words together. May make some mistakes, like “I goed to school”

·     Talks about what happened during the day. Uses about 4 sentences at a time


4-5 Years

·     Understands words for order, like first, next, and last

·     Understands words for time, like yesterday, today, and tomorrow

·     Follows longer directions, like “Put your pajamas on, brush your teeth, and then pick out a book.”

·     Follows classroom directions like “Draw a circle on your paper around something you eat.”

·     Hears and understands most of what he/she hears at home and in school

·     Says all speech sounds in words. May make mistakes on sounds that are harder to say, like l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, and th

·     Responds to “What did you say?”

·     Talks without repeating sounds or words most of the time

·     Names letters and numbers

·     Uses sentences that have more than one action, like jump, play, and get. May make some mistakes, like “Zach gots 2 video games, but I got one.”

·     Tells a short story

·     Keeps a conversation going

·     Talks in different ways, depending on the listener and place. Your child may use short sentences with younger children. He/She may talk louder outside than inside

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